What is eczema pores and skin discoloration?

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What is eczema pores and skin discoloration?

Posted By Sam Parkin     April 18, 2022    


Eczema is a commonplace skin situation inflicting itchy, dry, and indignant lesions. Scratching the lesions can reason changes in the pores and skin, including both hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation.

Experts aren't certain what exactly causes eczema. However, studies suggest Trusted Source that genetics and environmental elements play a role.

Eczema reasons lesions on the skin that are itchy and dry. Many human beings feel the urge to scratch the affected pores and skin which may get worse the irritation. It can also cause eczema to spread to other parts of the body, exchange shade, and grow to be inflamed.

The change in shade may be hypopigmentation, that's a lack of shade, or hyperpigmentation, that's a darkening in color.

Read more to study the link between eczema and pores and skin discoloration, the remedy options, and extra.

Hypo and hyperpigmentation

Eczema lesions also referred to as atopic dermatitis can be itchy and uncomfortable. Scratching eczema is a commonplace behavior, but it can encourage modifications in the pores and skin’s look and texture.

Eczema can motivate sorts of pigmentary skin adjustments: hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation. Hypopigmentation is a loss of pigment or color, generally offered in patches that might be lighter than someone’s pores and skin tone. Hyperpigmentation treatment refers to patches of skin that turn out to be darker than the skin surrounding them.

Hypo and hyperpigmentation are each greater visible rusted Sources on darker pores and skin tones. However, they are able to seem on any pores and skin tone.

People with eczema can discover the exchange in skin appearance distressing, and it could affect their quality of lifestyle. Even after treatment for eczema, the pores and skin might not go back to their preceding shade.

The link between eczema and skin pigmentation

During an eczema flare-up, the body releases cytokines. In an effort to guard the body, they motivate the infection.

The cytokines triggerTrusted Source for the release of melanocytes. These cells stay in the skin and hair follicles and convey melanin, a skin pigment.

This response results in increased pigment manufacturing.

The darker someone’s pores and skin, the greater melanin they have got. As a result, humans with darker pores and skin release more pigment when the reaction happens.

How eczema impacts the skin

Eczema seems extraordinary relying on someone’s pores and skin type.

On light pores and skin, eczema normally reasons infected crimson or pink patches which are dry and itchy. These lesions are harder to locate on darkish pores and skin tones.

When people with mild skin scratch eczema lesions, hyper and hypopigmentation can arise. Skin pigmentation can develop gradually, and its diffused modifications make it hard to come across.

People with dark skin tones are much more likely to get hyper and hypopigmentation. They are also much more likely to have follicular prominence, that's when eczema provides as small, itchy bumps referred to as papules. These mainly seem on the forearms and torso.


Darker skin patches, or hyperpigmentation, happen due to infection. This triggers melanocytes to boom melanin synthesis, that's the procedure of creating pores and skin pigment.

The growth in synthesis encourages the transferral of pigment to the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. If someone scratches or rubs the pores and skin, this releases the melanin.

Types of hyperpigmentation include:

Post-inflammatory pigmentation

After an eczema flare-up has resolved, it may go away a darker patch of skin. This is submit-inflammatory pigmentation.

Although it is transient, it is able to persist for months, however, it does tend to final longer on darkish pores and skin tones.

Sunlight stimulates put up-inflammatory pigmentation, so people have to cowl affected regions and use sun protection.


If someone rubs and scratches on the affected areas of pores and skin, it could thicken. This may additionally depart thick, leathery lesions with seen scratch marks, referred to as lichenification.

These regions of hyperpigmentation may gift as grey on dark pores and skin and as dark red on mild pores and skin.


There isn't any unique remedy for pigmentary pores and skin modifications. However, eczema is treatable in human beings of all pores and skin types.

Hyper and hypopigmentation normally fade and clear up on their own. Using a moisturizing cream or ointment can help the dryness, and sun safety will save you hyper and hypopigmentation patches from worsening.

If someone’s eczema or pigmentation isn't resolving on its very own, they can touch a medical doctor or dermatologist to set up a remedy plan. This may additionally consist of oral and topical steroids, nonsteroid lotions, and more.


Eczema causes dry, itchy, inflamed lesions. When irritated, the pores and skin can increase patches of hyper or hypopigmentation.