Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
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Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Posted By Sunrise Lifecare     June 9, 2022    

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Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

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Most pain in the lower back can be treated without surgery. In fact, surgery often does not relieve the pain; research suggests that 20 to 40 percent of back surgeries are not successful. This lack of success is so common that there is a medical term for it: failed back surgery syndrome.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Nonetheless, there are times when back surgery is a viable or necessary option to treat serious musculoskeletal injuries or nerve compression. A pain management specialist can help you decide whether surgery is an appropriate choice after making sure you have exhausted all other options.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

When should I consider back surgery?

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the following conditions may be candidates for surgical treatment:

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

In rare cases, back pain is caused by a tumor, an infection, or a nerve root problem called cauda equina syndrome. In these cases, NIAMS advises surgery right away to ease the pain and prevent more problems.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

What are some types of back surgery?

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) lists the following as some of the surgical options for low back pain. But NINDS also cautions that “there is little evidence to show which procedures work best for their particular indications.”

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

  • Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. These procedures are used to repair compression fractures of the vertebrae caused by osteoporosis. Both procedures include the injection of a glue-like bone cement that hardens and strengthens the bone.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Spinal laminectomy/spinal decompression. This is performed when spinal stenosis causes a narrowing of the spinal canal that results in pain, numbness, or weakness. The surgeon removes the bony walls of the vertebrae and any bone spurs, aiming to open up the spinal column to remove pressure on the nerves.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Discectomy. This procedure is used to remove a disk when it has herniated and presses on a nerve root or the spinal cord. Laminectomy and discectomy are frequently performed together.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Foraminotomy. In this procedure, the surgeon enlarges the bony hole where a nerve root exits the spinal canal to prevent bulging disks or joints thickened with age from pressing on the nerve.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Nucleoplasty, also called plasma disk decompression. This laser surgery uses radiofrequency energy to treat people with low back pain associated with a mildly herniated disk. The surgeon inserts a needle into the disk. A plasma laser device is then inserted into the needle and the tip is heated, creating a field that vaporizes the tissue in the disk, reducing its size and relieving pressure on the nerves.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Spinal fusion. The surgeon removes the spinal disk between two or more vertebrae, then fuses the adjacent vertebrae using bone grafts or metal devices secured by screws. Spinal fusion may result in some loss of flexibility in the spine and requires a long recovery period to allow the bone grafts to grow and fuse the vertebrae together.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi
  • Artificial disk replacement. This is considered an alternative to spinal fusion for the treatment of people with severely damaged disks. The procedure involves removal of the disk and its replacement by a synthetic disk that helps restore height and movement between the vertebrae.
  • Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Some surgical treatments are not recommended by NINDS, which cautions, for example, that intradiscal electrothermal therapy is “of questionable benefit.” NINDS notes that radiofrequency denervation provides only temporary pain relief and that “evidence supporting this technique is limited.”

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

What are the risks of back surgery?

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Back surgery can carry higher risks than some other types of surgery because it is done closer to the nervous system. The most serious of these risks include paralysis and infections.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Even with a successful surgery, the recovery time can be long. Depending on the type of surgery and your condition before the surgery, healing may take months. And you may lose some flexibility permanently.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

What are the considerations for anesthesia during surgery?

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Back surgery will almost always be performed under general anesthesia. In addition to the usual risks associated with anesthesia, there are risks associated with the patient lying face down on the surgical table.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

This position changes the body’s hemodynamics — that is, how blood flows through the body. The position also limits the surgical team’s access to the patient’s airway. This requires extra care in the positioning of equipment, monitors, patient, and anesthesiologist. It is extremely important to have a physician anesthesiologist in the operating room to make sure everything is set up correctly and to be able to take immediate action in case anything goes wrong.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

How do I manage pain during my recovery?

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Back surgery can cause a high degree of post-operative pain. You should consider a number of options for pain relief in the days and weeks after surgery. These options should be discussed with a pain management specialist who can explain the pros and cons of each option or combination of options, including their effectiveness, potential side effects, potential for addiction, and impact on the recovery process.

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

Spine Surgery and Lumbar Spine Surgery in Delhi

 

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