What is IPC and what is its objective?
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What is IPC and what is its objective?

Posted By adv gyan     May 31, 2023    


The Indian Kanoon is India’s primary criminal legislation. This all-encompassing code aims to regulate every aspect of criminal law. In India, the question of criminal obligation for the crimes listed in the Indian Penal Code and the declaration of exceptions to the question of criminal responsibility for the acts listed in the Act are governed primarily by the Indian Penal Code. 


Within each section of the IPC are detailed listings of criminal offences and the corresponding penalties. There are a total of 511 subsections spread throughout 23 chapters. 


The Oobjective of the Indian Penal Code:


This Act’s stated purpose is to establish a uniform penal code throughout India. The Act does not replace the current criminal laws in India, which was not the intention. This was done because it is probable that some offences not meant to be exempt from criminal repercussions were left out of the code, and the code does not contain all the crimes. 



However, many other penal statutes covering specific offences have been enacted in addition to this code. Therefore, it is not exhaustive on the issues concerning which it defines the law.


Importance of India’s Penal Code:


In an effort to standardize the legal and judicial systems across British India, the Charter Act of 1833 created a unified legislative. It has been in effect longer than any other criminal law system in the common law world.


  • It is currently the primary criminal code in India, and each crime is clearly stated with all the necessary parts included.
  • It lays forth the many punishments for breaking the law and the various crimes that fall under its purview.
  • Crimes against the state, public offences, military offences, kidnapping, rape, murder, etc., are all covered.
  • Defamation, spousal abuse, and other forms of slander are all addressed, as are violations of religious and property rights.
  • The Indian Penal Code of 1860 provides the basis for the country’s criminal legislation, but the Central and State Legislations have also enacted additional laws included in the penal code to handle certain situations.


Some Acts under the IPC:

34 IPC: According to Section 34 IPC, if multiple people commit a crime and it is obvious that they did so with a shared intent, then each of them shall be held equally responsible for the crime as if he had committed it alone. 



304A IPC: Negligent homicide is defined in section 304A IPC. A maximum of two years in prison, a fine, or both may be imposed on anyone who causes the death of another person by reckless or irresponsible behavior that falls short of homicide.


306 IPC: Abetment of suicide is defined in Section 306 IPC. Anyone who provides material support for another person’s suicide is subject to a fine and/or imprisonment of either description for a term that can go up to ten years.


367 IPC: Punishment for sexual assault is defined in Section 376 IPC. It describes, “Whoever, save in the conditions provided for by subsection, commits sexual assault must be punished with imprisonment of either description for a time which shall not be less than seven years but which may extend to 10 years, and shall also be liable to fine.”