Improve dissolved air Flotation Equipment technology

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Improve dissolved air Flotation Equipment technology

Posted By tank mixing     May 30, 2018    


Numerous investigations are oriented towards the development of new wastewater treatment technologies, having high efficiencies for removing even low concentrations of pollutants found in water. These efforts were determined by the destroyer impact of the pollutants to the environment and human's health. For this reason this paper presents our study concerning an improved dissolved air Flotation Equipment technology for wastewater treatment. There is described a dissolved air flotation (DAF) installation composed by two equipments: pressurized capsule and lamellar settling. Also, there are presented some advantages of using nanoparticles as flotation collectors.

The direction of flow is 30-45 degrees below the horizontal. There is a rather thick micro-bubble bed at the beginning of the tank below the dry sludge blanket. This bubble-bed becomes clearly thinner, when going toward the end of the tank. There are also round DAF tanks which are based on the same hydraulic principles as the rectangular ones presented above. A special application of DAF called the flotation filter was invented at the very end of the 1960s. It is a combination of flotation and rapid sand filtration, both of those being placed in the same tank. Flotation takes place in the upper part of the tank and the filter has been placed in the lower part of it. The direction of water flow is now vertically down from the free surface of water in the tank toward the deep-bed filter. This controls the direction of flow in the flotation space of the tank above the filter bed. The flow rate of water in flotation filters may be 10-15 m/h, but the flow conditions are still laminar. It is the threat that the head-loss of filters would grow too rapidly which in practice is limiting the hydraulic flow rate of flotation filters in this area. The third generation of DAF has been developed at the end of the 1990s.

The operational idea is based on that of the flotation filter. The filter bed on the bottom of the tank has been replaced by a thin stiff plate with plenty of round orifices throughout the plate. This plate, having a very much lower flowing resistance than a sand filter can have, controls the vertical flow of water in the flotation space above the plate and distributes it evenly throughout the horizontal cross-section of the tank. The flotation tank is almost square seen from above and its depth is clearly more than the length and breadth of it.

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